STUDI POSKOLONIAL TERHADAP KAWASAN ALUN-ALUN JEMBER: USAHA MENGGALI POTENSI KOTA KREATIF
Keywords:alun-alun/square, postcolonial, subject, active city, creative city.
Title: Postcolonial Study towards Jember Alun-alun Area: Efforts to Explore the Potential of Creative City
The Alun-alun is an important area in the city in Java, which has existed since pre-colonial era (can be traced back to the Majapahit era), which was later adapted creatively by the Dutch in colonial era to the post-independence of Indonesia. Studies on the Alun-alun is mostly done historically, symbolic or functional, whereas this study viewed from the perspective of postcolonial, that reverse point of view: from the square is considered passive and influenced, being square is active and can be aligned with the global trend. The research method is qualitative research, with a view creativity of Jember society in the process of changes. This study combines direct observation, observe documents and interview. Alun-alun became a media of "control" by the Dutch (towards Indonesian/Jember society) to the New Order era (towards the people of Indonesia/Jember), society is assumed to be liyan (others). Then look for new forms to imitate and reverse of what has been done by the "authorities" so that an alun-alun will be hybrid, diaspora and transculturation also occur. Jember alun-alun area from postcolonial view has a dynamic and adaptive character. Community and Jember alun-alun are not a passive entity that is marginalized and only accept influence from the outside, but they are the subject of the creative changes, to be aligned with a more advanced entity.